Sailing Instructions for Club Racing
1.1 Racing will take place under the current Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS), the prescriptions of the RYA, these sailing instructions and the appropriate class rules.
1.2 The South Staffordshire Sailing Club implements the RYA Racing Charter. Competitors shall undertake to sail in accordance with the Charter.
1.3 In the event of a conflict, the Sailing Instructions take precedence over the Notice of Race.
2.0 CONDITIONS OF ENTRY
2.1 The safety of a yacht and her entire management including insurance shall be the sole responsibility of the owner/competitor racing the yacht who must ensure that the yacht and the crew are adequate to face the conditions that may arise in the course of the race. Neither the establishment of these sailing instructions nor the inspection of the yacht under these conditions in any way limits or reduces the absolute responsibility of the owner/competitor for his crew, his yacht and the management thereof. The race organisers shall not be responsible for any loss, damage, death or personal injury however caused to the owner/competitor, his skipper or crew, as a result of their taking part in the race or races. Moreover, every owner/competitor warrants the suitability of his yacht for the race or races.
A yacht belonging to a member shall be deemed to have entered a race if she starts or competes in that race or ranks as a starter.
2.2 If requested, a valid measurement certificate shall be presented to the race committee.
2.3 Yachts may be measured before or after any race at the discretion of the race committee.
2.4 Under exceptional circumstances, and provided that the class rules allow, and permission is obtained from the Race Officer prior to the warning signal of the race or races concerned and both hull and sail numbers shall be clearly indicated on the declaration sheet, the race committee may permit a yacht to use sails carrying a distinguishing number other than that required by RRS Appendix G.
2.5 All yachts shall be adequately covered, by third party insurance, to a minimum value of £2,000,000 for any one claim.
2.6 Adequate personal buoyancy for helmsman and crew shall be worn at all times whilst afloat. Wet suits or dry suits do not constitute adequate personal buoyancy, except briefly while changing or adjusting clothing or personal equipment. This amends RRS 40.
During January and February in addition to personal buoyancy a wet suit or dry suit shall be worn.
2.7 A Declaration must be made on the form provided within 15 minutes of the last boat’s finishing the race, indicating compliance with all the rules. Helm and crew names to be legibly printed on the form. Points cannot be awarded unless a declaration is made.
3.0 NOTICES TO COMPETITORS
3.1 Notices to competitors will be posted on the official notice board located in the entrance foyer.
4.0 CHANGES IN SAILING INSTRUCTIONS
4.1 Any changes in sailing instructions will be posted on the official notice board no later than 15 minutes prior to the warning signal of the race or races concerned.
5.0 SIGNALS MADE ASHORE
5.1 Signals made ashore will be hoisted on the flagpole located in front of the clubhouse.
6.0 SCHEDULE OF RACES
6.1 The time of the start of the races will be as stated in the sailing programme. These times may be changed by the race committee, by signals in accordance with RRS Race Signals.
7.0 CLASS SIGNALS
7.1 Class warning signals will be as follows: –
Lark Code flag ‘L’
OK Code flag ‘H’
GP 14 Code flag ‘A’
Firefly Code flag ‘F’
Solo Code flag ‘1’
Combined Single-handed Fleet Code flag ‘E’
Portsmouth Yardstick (P.Y.) race, Code flag ‘B’
Personal Handicap (P.H.) race Code flag ‘B’
P.H./P.Y. race. Code flag ‘B’
Pursuit races Code flag ‘D’
Junior Fleet Code flag ‘Skull & Cross Bones’
8.0 COURSE LOCATION
8.1 The course area is Lower Pool, Gailey Lea Lane, Gailey
9.0 THE COURSE
9.1 The course will be notified by means of coloured number plates displayed from the starting box or committee boat. The colours on these plates will show which way each mark will be taken, i.e. a red 3 shows that No. 3 will be left to port.
9.2 The number of rounds to be sailed will be displayed on the board from the starting box or committee boat before the warning signal.
10.1 Course marks are orange & Yellow buoys numbered 1 to 8 in a clockwise direction from the mark nearest the dam in the northwest corner of the pool. All odd numbered marks are orange & even numbered marks are yellow.
11.1 Fixed line starts will be used for all races.
11.2 The starting line shall be between the mast of the starting box or committee boat and an outer distance mark.
11.3 An inner distance mark may be laid adjacent to the starting box or committee boat, which may not be on the starting line. When an inner distance mark is used, any yacht sailing into the triangle formed by this mark and the front and rear of the starting box or committee boat, after the one minute signal, is liable to disqualification without a hearing. The inner distance mark ranks as a start mark and the prohibited triangle formed by this mark and the committee boat/starting box is not an obstruction to sea room.
Anything permanently or temporarily attached to the committee boat or starting box should be considered to be part of the committee boat / starting box and is not an obstruction to sea room.
11.4 The starting procedure for Portsmouth Yardstick races will be in accordance with RRS 26.
The starting procedure for class races will be as follows:-
0 minutes – Lark warning signal – one sound signal & ‘L’ flag raised
3 minutes – Lark preparatory signal & Single-handed warning signal – one sound signal, ‘P’ & ‘E’ flag raised.
6 minutes – Lark start, Single-handed preparatory & GP14 warning signal, – one sound signal, ‘L’ lowered & ‘A’ flag raised.
9 minutes – Single-handed start, GP14 preparatory & Firefly warning – one sound signal, lower ‘E’ & ‘F’ flag raised.
12 minutes – GP14 start & Firefly preparatory signal – one sound signal & lower flag ‘A’.
15 minutes –Firefly start signal – one sound signal, lower flags ‘F’ & ‘P’
The starting procedure for Pursuit races classes will be as follows:-
0 minutes – Warning Signal – one sound signal & raise ‘F’ flag.
3 minutes – Preparatory Signal – one sound signal & raise ‘P’ flag.
6 minutes – Firefly start – one sound signal – lower ‘F’ flag & raise ‘1’ flag.
6 minutes 40 seconds – Solo Start – one sound signal – lower ‘1’ flag & raise ‘A’ flag.
7 minutes 45 seconds – GP14 start – one sound signal – lower ‘A’ flag & raise ‘H’ flag.
8 minutes 30 seconds – OK start – one sound signal lower ‘H’ flag – Raise ‘L’ flag.
10 minutes 30 seconds – Lark Start – one sound signal – lower ‘L’ flag – lower ‘P’ flag’.
All the above times are taken from the Warning Signal.
The above times are based on the race finishing after 55 minutes from the Firefly start.
This amends RRS 26.
11.5 A boat will not be penalised for leaving the shore after its preparatory signal. This amends RRS 45.
11.6 A junior start will follow the Sunday morning PY race. The start signal for the PY race will be the warning signal for the Junior race and will be in accordance with RRS 26.
Junior Boats may sail in the PM Class ‘A’ series starting with the Firefly fleet.
12.1 In general recalls on multiple fleet starts the recalled class will go to the end of the queue. The recall flag shall be lowered two minutes after the original recalled start time. No sound signal will be made. This amends RRS 29.2 and RRS 26. On a general recall for the last fleet to start RRS 29.2 will apply. General recalls will not be used in Pursuit races.
When a general recall is signalled on a PY race this shall be in accordance with RRS 29.2.
13.0 MARK BOATS
13.1 Any mark boat will be advised by the Race Officer on the official notice board.
14.0 CHANGE OF COURSE AFTER THE START
14.1 When after the race has started a mark of the course is moved, a boat will be stationed near the start of the leg affected, and will fly flag ‘C’ over a red or green flag indicating that the direction of that leg lies either to port or starboard respectively of its previous bearing.
The race committee may move a mark 20 metres in any direction without signalling the change. This amends RRS 33
15.1 The finishing line shall be between the committee boat and the first mark of the course from the direction of the last mark, after sailing the required number of laps. If the course is shortened RRS rule 32 shall apply.
If the race is started from the starting box then the course may be shortened from the starting box and the finish line will then be the same as the start line, provided neither the starting box nor the outer distance mark have been moved during the race.
For shortening course in class races code flag ‘S’ will be flown from the finish line when the leading boat of the first class to start is to be finished. The remaining classes will then finish as each class passes through the finish line after the leading boat of the first class has finished, irrespective of the number of laps completed. Other classes can be finished first when the class flag is flown at the finish with code flag ‘S’. The remaining classes will then finish as they pass through the finish line after the first boat of the signalled class has finished.
A pursuit shall be finished by the Committee Boat driving a short distance in front of the leading boat, flying a blue flag, to indicate it is ready to start the Finish sequence. The committee boat shall then make one long sound signal, indicating the end of allotted time, at 55 minutes from the Firefly start.
The Committee boat will then drive passed the fleet going in the opposite direction to the course indicating to each helm his position has been recorded by the Race Officer. When a boats position has been recorded he is then finished racing.
Capsized boats and boats in difficulty for any reason will be given a finishing position by the Race Officer as described above.
Competitors are advised to note their position in the fleet as their finishing is recorded in case or a scoring review.
RRS 32.1 & 32.2. ‘Shortening Course’ will not apply
The Race Officer may shorten course for any reason to facilitate completion of the race. Should the Race Officer shorten course this will not be grounds for redress under RRS 62. This amends RRS 32.
16.0 TIME LIMITS
16.1 In class races, any yacht which does not finish within 25 minutes after the first finishing yacht of the last class to finish, or in the case of Portsmouth Yardstick races 25 minutes after the first yacht crosses the finishing line, shall be deemed to have retired. In Pursuit or Personal Handicap Pursuit races any yacht, which does not cross the finish line within 10 minutes after the first yacht has crossed the finish line, shall be deemed to have retired.
Three sound signals will be made at the finish line to indicate the end of this time limit.
There is no time limit for Pursuit races.
17.0 PROTESTS, REQUESTS FOR REDRESS & RYA ADVISARY & ARBITARY HEARINGS
17.1 Protests must be made in writing on the form provided, and submitted to the Race Officer within 15 minutes of the last boat finishing. This time limit may be extended at the Protest Committee’s discretion. Protest hearings will commence as soon as possible thereafter.
17.2 Requests for redress must be made in writing on the form provided, and submitted to the Race Officer within 15 minutes of the last boat finishing. This time limit may be extended at the Protest Committee’s discretion. Hearings will commence as soon as possible thereafter.
17.3 A Protest Committee shall only be convened by a Club Officer, past Commodore or Sailing Committee member.
17.4 The Exoneration Penalty and the Advisory Hearing and RYA Arbitration procedures of the RYA Rules Disputes procedures shall apply. The outcome of an RYA Arbitration can be referred to a protest committee, but an arbitration cannot be reopened or appealed. See the Official Notice Board for details.
18.0 SCORING SYSTEM
18.1 RRS Appendix A will apply. For a short series (an event with less than six races), the number of races to count shall be three for five & four races, two for three races and all races when two or less are sailed.
For a long series (an event with six or more races), the number of races to count and qualify will be half of those completed, fractions being lowered to the next whole number. This amends RRS Appendix A2.
19.1 The allocation of prizes for all events shall be at the discretion of the Sailing Committee. Prizes for any event will be awarded to the winning boat and to their regular crews.
The following category of helms do not qualify for points or prizes:- non-sailing members, temporary members and visitors.
19.2 Points will be credited to the Helms. When a helm sails a club boat without prior agreement with the Sailing Committee, points will not be awarded. This will not apply to junior helms borrowing club boats to sail in both adult and junior races. In races abandoned after the start, that are not re-sailed, points equal to the number of starters plus one will be awarded to all starters. This amends RRS Appendix A.
19.3 A competitor in any class other than a single-handed class may sail without a crew in any race, and when so doing shall rank as a competing yacht for the purposes of the rules, but points will be awarded equal to disqualification.
19.4 A competitor who sails in races, after the 31st December, shall not qualify for points or prizes, until his subscription has been renewed.
20.0 LOCAL VARIATIONS
20.1 The buoys marking the prohibited area around the island shall be considered an obstruction to sea room. Boats infringing this area should retire immediately or protest.
20.2 A maximum of 50 boats will be allowed on the water at any one time.
20.3 Portsmouth Yardstick Numbers for classes of boats will be as set out by the Sailing committee.
20.4 Personal handicaps will be allocated by the Sailing Committee and in general be calculated using Appendix 1 of the current RYA Portsmouth Yardstick Scheme publication. Club numbers will be reviewed monthly by the Sailing & Changes made at the end of the Icicle, Spring, Summer & Frostbite series. Trial numbers will be allocated and adjusted after each race until four PH races are completed. At this point the trial number will be converted to a club number and then adjusted as above.
Revised January 2019 (Note – amendments are highlighted in bold italic)